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2.3x Faster Nitrosamines Analysis with LPGC-MS

Featured Application: Nitrosamines on LPGC Rxi-624Sil MS

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  • Up to 2.3x faster than conventional GC-MS analysis.
  • Reduces helium usage by up to 67% compared to conventional GC-MS methods. 
  • Rxi-624Sil MS kits are factory connected with a proven leak-free connector making LPGC as simple as a column change.

Nitrosamines are widespread impurities that are prevalent in food products, including processed foods, cured meats, and vegetables, along with cosmetics, drinking water, and the air. Due to the carcinogenic potential of these compounds at low levels, the FDA, in collaboration with other regulatory authorities, provides guidance on the acceptable daily limit (ADL) for nitrosamines. Accurate and efficient methods are needed to monitor nitrosamine levels across food and consumable products and the environment. GC methodologies for nitrosamines are frequently performed using 30 m 624 type capillary columns and require high amounts of helium, a costly and nonrenewable resource. To reduce helium usage and analysis times, shorter or thinner-film columns are an attractive alternative; however, these column types are not recommended for use with ion-trap GC-MS/MS systems because the chromatographic peak widths generated are insufficient to obtain a necessary number of scans during peak elution.

Our low-pressure GC (LPGC) column kits provide an advantage in nitrosamine analysis by reducing both analysis time and helium usage and are available in two different configurations to accommodate the unique testing requirements of each laboratory. The LPGC-MS method shown in Figure 1 below, run on our 10 m x 0.32 mm ID LPGC Rxi-624 Sil MS kit (cat.# 11804), increased the speed of analysis by 2.3x and reduced helium consumption by 67% compared to conventional GC-MS methods. Our 15 m x 0.53 mm ID LPGC Rxi-624 Sil MS kit (cat.# 11803) is the recommended kit for laboratories performing large volume injections and can be used out of the box without the hassle of attaching a guard column. Utilizing LPGC kit, cat.# 11803, the LPGC method was 1.8x faster with a 29% reduction in helium consumption (shown in Figure 2). LPGC is an opportunity for laboratories to increase the efficiency of current methodologies and reduce laboratory costs and is as simple as a column change. Additionally, all our LPGC column kits are factory coupled and individually tested, so you can have the assurance of a leak-free connection. Learn more about LPGC at www.restek.com/lpgc

Figure 1: Comparison of Conventional and LPGC-MS (cat.# 11804) Analysis of Nitrosamines

cgarm-img
GC_FS0598
PeakstR (30 m)tR (LPGC)Conc. (ppm)Ions
1.N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)4.591.7010042, 74
2.N-Nitrosodimethylamine-d6 (NDMA-d6)4.601.7110046, 80
3.N-Nitrosomethylethylamine (NMEA)5.182.0210042, 88
4.N-Nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA)5.652.2610042, 57, 102
5.N-Nitroso-di-n-propylamine (NDPA)6.712.8110070, 113, 130
6.N-Nitrosopyrrolidine (NPYR)6.872.8710041, 68, 100
7.N-Nitrosopiperidine (NPIP)7.102.9810042, 55, 114
8.N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine (NDBA)7.743.3610084, 116, 158
ColumnSee notes
Standard/SampleNitrosamine calibration mix, method 521 (cat.# 31898)
N-Nitrosodimethylamine-d6 (cat.# 33910)
Diluent:Dichloromethane
Conc.:100 µg/mL
Injection
Inj. Vol.:1 µL split (split ratio 100:1)
Liner:Topaz, Precision inlet liner, 4.0 mm x 6.3 x 78.5 (cat.# 23305)
Inj. Temp.:250 °C
Carrier GasHe
DetectorMS
Mode:SIM
Transfer Line Temp.:280 °C
Analyzer Type:Quadrupole
Source Temp.:230 °C
Quad Temp.:150 °C
Tune Type:PFTBA
Ionization Mode:EI
InstrumentAgilent 7890B GC & 5977A MSD
Sample Preparation100 µL aliquots of each standard were diluted in 800 µL of dichloromethane for a final volume of 1 mL. The sample was mixed in a 2 mL, short-cap, screw-thread vial (cat.# 21143) and capped with a short-cap, screw-vial closure (cat.# 24495).
NotesConventional (30 m) Analysis:
Column: Rxi-624Sil MS, 30 m, 0.25 mm ID, 1.4 µm (cat.# 13868)
Temp. program: 40 °C (hold 0.5 min) to 320 °C at 30 °C/min (hold 7 min)
Flow: 1.4 mL/min

LPGC-MS Analysis:
Column: LPGC Rxi-624Sil MS column kit, includes 10 m x 0.32 mm ID x 1.8 μm Rxi-624Sil MS analytical column and 5 m x 0.15 mm ID Rxi restrictor factory connected via SilTite connector (cat.# 11804)
Temp. program: 40 °C (hold 0.5 min) to 300 °C at 55 °C/min (hold 3 min)
Flow: 0.9 mL/min

The injections were performed on different instruments under different head pressures, resulting in different analyte responses.

 

Figure 2: Comparison of Conventional and LPGC-MS (cat.# 11803) Analysis of Nitrosamines

cgarm-img
GC_FS0599
PeakstR (30m)tR (LPGC)Conc. (ppm)Ions
1.N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)4.5872.5110042, 74
2.N-Nitrosodimethylamine-d6 (NDMA-d6)4.62.5110046, 80
3.N-Nitrosomethylethylamine (NMEA)5.182.84310042, 88
4.N-Nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA)5.6463.10510042, 57, 102
5.N-Nitroso-di-n-propylamine (NDPA)6.7053.69710070, 113, 130
6.N-Nitrosopyrrolidine (NPYR)6.8733.78310041, 68, 100
7.N-Nitrosopiperidine (NPIP)7.1043.91210042, 55, 114
8.N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine (NDBA)7.7364.29210084, 116, 158
ColumnSee notes
Standard/SampleNitrosamine calibration mix, method 521 (cat.# 31898)
N-Nitrosodimethylamine-d6 (cat.# 33910)
Diluent:Dichloromethane
Conc.:100 µg/mL
Injection
Inj. Vol.:1 µL split (split ratio 100:1)
Liner:Topaz, Precision inlet liner, 4.0 mm x 6.3 x 78.5 (cat.# 23305)
Inj. Temp.:250 °C
Carrier GasHe
DetectorMS
Mode:SIM
Transfer Line Temp.:280 °C
Analyzer Type:Quadrupole
Source Temp.:230 °C
Quad Temp.:150 °C
Tune Type:PFTBA
Ionization Mode:EI
InstrumentAgilent 7890B GC & 5977A MSD
Sample Preparation100 µL aliquots of each standard were diluted in 800 µL of dichloromethane for a final volume of 1 mL. The sample was mixed in a 2 mL, short-cap, screw-thread vial (cat.# 21143) and capped with a short-cap, screw-vial closure (cat.# 24495).
NotesConventional (30 m) Analysis:
Column: Rxi-624Sil MS, 30 m, 0.25 mm ID, 1.4 µm (cat.# 13868)
Temp. program: 40 °C (hold 0.5 min) to 320 °C at 30 °C/min (hold 7 min)
Flow: 1.4 mL/min

LPGC-MS Analysis:
Column: LPGC Rxi-624Sil MS column kit, includes 15 m x 0.53 mm ID x 3.0 μm Rxi-624Sil MS analytical column and 5 m x 0.18 mm ID Rxi restrictor factory connected via SilTite connector (cat.# 11803)
Temp. program: 40 °C (hold 0.5 min) to 300 °C at 55 °C/min (hold 3 min)
Flow: 1.5 mL/min

The injections were performed on different instruments under different head pressures, resulting in different analyte responses.
GNFA4240-UNV