Residual Pesticides Analysis of Botanical Ingredients Using Gas Chromatography Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry

Author(s): Riki Kitano1, Tairo Ogura1, Nicole Lock1, Robert Clifford1, Julie Kowalski2, Jack Cochran2, Dan Li2
1. Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc. 2. Restek Corporation

Published By: Restek Corporation

Year of Publication: 2019

Link: www.restek.com/Technical-Resources/Technical-Library/Foods-Flavors-Fragrances/fff_FSAR3080-UNV

Abstract: Dietary supplements, which are consumed worldwide, are made from various botanical ingredients. To be safe from pesticides exposure, residual pesticides must be monitored by chromatographic instrumentation. Issues arise, however, due to the fact these botanical samples are dried and cause large interferences in the chromatography. This study shows that the modified QuEChERS method combined with GC-MS/MS achieves consistent pesticides monitoring in botanical ingredients.

Acknowledgment(s): Originally published by Shimadzu Corporation in collaboration with Restek Corporation.

Cannabidivarin (CBDV) Added to Restek’s Selection of Cannabis Reference Standards

Cannabis strains with high levels of cannabidiol (CBD) typically have higher levels of cannabidivarin (CBDV) as well, but accurate quantitation of both compounds for potency and strain ID is a must, especially as interest in using CBDV as an anticonvulsant and anti-nausea treatment continues to rise. Restek now offers a stand-alone CBDV reference standard—in addition to CBD and a host of other compounds—to help labs with the comprehensive analysis of cannabis products.

Restek’s CBDV standard is ideal for creating multipoint (5-point minimum suggested) calibration curves for LC-MS/MS. With verified composition and stability, this prepared stock product eliminates the need for in-house standards preparation for greater convenience and lower labor requirements. As a U.S. DEA-exempted formulation, no additional customer permits or licensing are required to purchase within the U.S., and because it’s manufactured and QC tested in Restek’s ISO-accredited labs, this new CBDV standard qualifies as a certified reference material (CRM) that satisfies your ISO requirements.

For CBDV, CBD, and other cannabis reference standards, along with the expertise and consumables your lab needs, turn to www.restek.com/cannabis

Quickly and Efficiently Extract Both Volatiles and Semivolatiles with New Triple-Phase SPME Fibers and Arrows

Restek first launched solid phase microextraction (SPME) automated sample preparation fibers to reduce sample handling and solvent consumption in many industries, such as environmental, food, and clinical. Soon after came rugged Restek PAL SPME Arrows, a revolution in microextraction that combines exceptional robustness with faster extraction times and trace-level sensitivity. Now, both fiber and Arrow lines are being expanded, including the addition of a sought-after triple-phase offering.

Of significant interest to many analysts, new triple-phase SPME fibers and Arrows provide exceptional versatility. This divinylbenzene (DVB)/carbon wide range (WR)/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) combination can be used for quick and efficient extraction of a wide range of both volatiles and semivolatiles, and it is an excellent choice for decision-making during method development because it combines the characteristics of three popular phases.

Restek’s full SPME line of fibers, Arrows, and accessories can be found at www.restek.com/SPME

New Pesticide CRMs Released Specifically for Cannabis Labs in California and Similar States

Restek’s support for cannabis-testing labs continues to grow. This latest offering will help you meet the specific cannabis analysis needs of California set forth by the Bureau of Cannabis Control for regulated category I and II residual pesticide reporting—and of other states with similar regulations/programs. Ideal for creating multipoint (5-point minimum suggested) calibration curves for GC- and LC-MS/MS, these six mixes of prepared stock standards also eliminate the need for in-house standards preparation. And, as with all certified reference materials (CRMs) manufactured and QC tested in Restek’s ISO-accredited labs, they will satisfy your ISO requirements.

Order today at www.restek.com/cannabis

Differential metabolic signatures in naturally and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fermented ting (a Southern African food) with different tannin content, as revealed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC–MS)-based metabolomics

Author(s): Oluwafemi Ayodeji Adebo1, Eugenie Kayitesi1, Fidele Tugizimana2,3, Patrick Berka Njobeh1

1. Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, University of Johannesburg

2. Research Centre for Plant Metabolomics, Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg

3. International R&D, Omnia Group, Ltd

Published By: Food Research International

Issue: Vol. 121, July 2019

Year of Publication: 2019

Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0963996919302017

Abstract: Fermented whole grain (WG) sorghum food products including WG-ting can be obtained from different sample sources and fermentation conditions, leading subsequently to variations in the molecular composition of the products. There is however, a lack of detailed understanding and description of differential molecular profiles of these food products. Thus, the current study is a nontargeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS)-based metabolomics approach to descriptively elucidate metabolic profiles of two WG-sorghum types [high tannin (HT) and low tannin (LT)] and their derived WG-ting products obtained via fermentation. Metabolites were extracted with 80% aqueous methanol and analyzed on a gas chromatography high resolution time of flight mass spectrometry (GC-HRTOF-MS) system. Chemometric methods such as principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were applied to mine the generated data. Our results showed that tannin contents influenced the composition of the raw sorghum and derived WG-ting samples. Metabolite signatures that differentiated raw HT- and LT-sorghum included cyclic compounds, pesticides, 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol, fatty acid esters, and sugar derivatives. Furthermore, fermentation of the HT- and LT-sorghum into WG-ting led to an increase in the levels of fatty acids, fatty acid esters and some other compounds which are vital from a dietary and health context. Equally observed were reduction of some phenols, cyclic compounds, a pesticide and ketone. Thus, the results demonstrated that the inherent metabolic composition of raw sorghum would lead to differential metabolic changes in the fermented products such as WG-ting, with subsequent dietary and health implications. Fermenting ting with Lactobacillus fermentum FUA 3321 was most desirable as relevant metabolites were observed in both HT- and LT-ting samples. Furthermore, the study highlights the applicability of GC–MS metabolomics in understanding WG-ting fermentation.

Note(s): The study was done using the Rxi-5ms column.