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Need help finding the correct ferrule to install your GC column? Part 1: Agilent GC ferrules

21 November 2014
By
  • Glenn Gerhab
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You’re ready to install a column into your GC and realize you do not have ferrules to do the job. But which ferrule do you choose?  The parameters to consider when choosing the correct ferrule are instrument make and model, nut size and type, ferrule material, and column ID size. A visit to our ferrules home page will provide a general overview of variety of ferrules offered by Restek.  By navigating the page, you can narrow the selection by choosing these parameters. This is the first in a series of posts that will hopefully make this selection process easier. We begin with Agilent systems because they have more choices available.

Capillary Column Ferrules

For this section, I will assume the GC is already configured to install capillary columns with 1/16 inch fittings. Restek offers two options on nuts and ferrules for Agilent capillary column installation. There are compact ferrules and standard ferrules, each with their own style of nut. The compact ferrule and nut are considered the Agilent-style. The broad taper on the compact ferrules was designed to match the taper on the bottom of the inlet seal. Standard ferrule and nut can also be used effectively on an Agilent system.

Here are the visual differences between the standard and compact ferrules:

Standard Compact
standferrule Compferrules
Graphite  Graphite
Vespel/Graphite   Vespel/Graphite

 

Here are the catalog numbers of the corresponding applicable nuts:

 

  FTnut.png capnut hotswap FT2nut
  Finger-Tight Capillary Column Nuts Capillary Column Nuts Hot Swap Capillary Column Nuts Looped Finger-Tight Capillary Nuts
  Brass Stainless Steel
Standard Ferrules 21041 21879 20883 22347 21312
Compact Ferrules 21040 21878 21884 22348 21311

 

This is a cross-cut look at the insides of the standard capillary nut and shows the length of the ferrule and the depth of the nut hole. This helps to show how necessary it is to match the ferrule with the proper nut; otherwise there will not be an adequate seal. If you are unsure which of these nuts you have on hand to install your columns, take note the Agilent style nut has a notch on the hex-nut portion, the standard does not.

comp stand
"Compact"  Agilent-style Ferrule and nut  Standard  ferrules and nut

 

Once you’ve matched the nut type to the correct ferrule type, now we need to match the capillary column ID to the ferrule ID. The table on sizes below gives an overview of how to match fused silica and MXT capillaries.

20141121105433156

The next step in determining the correct ferrule is the material. The chart below explains the differences between the material choices. For installation into the inlet and most detectors, either graphite or the softer 60/40 vespel graphite should work fine. For GC/MS, it is recommended to use the standard, long ferrule vespel/graphite installed with an MSD source nut.  This material is a good fit for MS because it will not fragment or allow oxygen to permeate into the system under vacuum applications.

Agilent has suggested that 100% vespel ferrules be only used for isothermal analysis.

MSD Source Nut

20643_ph_co_msd


20141118133453588-21

A note on the Agilent TCD, it has an 1/8 inch compression fitting port. In order to use our Agilent style or standard design nuts and ferrules you would need to have the Agilent supplied adaptor fitting. Restek does not have that fitting. Alternatively, Agilent does supply a two piece ferrule to install capillary column with a 1/8 inch compression nut. Restek does not sell the two piece ferrule and we do not recommend using a one piece graphite reducing ferrule.

 

Packed Column Ferrules

Typical Agilent packed column inlets are sized to accommodate ¼ inch OD packed columns; verify the fitting size of your inlet and detector. Agilent systems generally use standard compression style nuts and ferrules. If you doing on column injections, installing a 3/16 or 1/8 inch OD column will require inlet adaptors to center the column inside the ¼ inch injection port. If your instrument is equipped with an adaptor with a glass insert, on column injection will not be necessary, therefore a nut and ferrule would be all that is required to connect the column. Again you will need to verify the size nut and ferrule required. If you are installing a packed column into a capillary column inlet and detector we suggest a pig-tail configuration.

Notes on Agilent detectors- verify the size of the fitting required to connect the column. Agilent TCD’s for example are 1/8 inch compression fittings. If you want to install a 3/16 packed column, make sure your detector is adapted to accommodate ¼ inch packed column so you can use a reducing ferrule and ¼ inch nut.

Packed Column Inlet Adaptor


inletadaptorkit_ph_co_pak

In summary, the key points to remember are:

  • Match the ferrule with the proper nut
  • Know the ID of your column to match with the correct ferrule size.
  • Know system requirements for the ferrule material.
  • For packed columns: Verify the fitting sizes of you inlets and detectors.

 

Look for future posts on nuts & ferrules for other instrument manufacturers. Thanks for reading.

I would like to thank my Colleague, Erin Herrold for her assistance and insight with this blog post.

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[…] see part 1 of this series for tables of ferrule size versus column ID and ferrule material […]